The History of Maratika
Maratika Cave and Maratika Monastery are located in Khotang District of
Nepal near Mt Everest. Known as Haleshi in the local language it is
approximately 185 km south west of Mount Everest. It is a special place
associated with Guru Padmasambhava and long life.
At the request of the Bodhisattva Avaloketesvara the Buddha Amitabha
taught eighteen Tantras of Long Life. The Dakini Sangwa Yeshe recorded
and hid the teachings as Terma at Maratika.. Guru Padmasambhava, while in
the Kingdom of Zahor met his consort Princess Mandarava who possessed all
the marks of a dakini. The Guru gave teachings and initiations to Mandarava.
Dakinis appeared in the sky and took Guru Padma-
sambhava to Maratika. Mandarava unable to tolerate palace life without the
Guru ran away. Hopelessly lost she prayed to Guru Padmasambhava who
manifested and took Mandarava to Maratika.
The Bodhisattva Avaloketesvara and the Dakini Sangwa Yeshe gave long life
teachings to the Guru and Mandarava. After practicing for ninety days the
Buddha Amitayus appeared in the sky and gave initiation to the Guru and
Mandarava. They had attained the Vidyadhara of longevity.
The caves of Maratika are mentioned in Tibetan literature from the 12'h
century onwards. The Kathang Zanglingma a biography of Padmasambhava,
discovered by Nyangrel Nyima Ozer describes the original event which made
the Maratika caves a sacred place for Buddhists.
Other later written sources narrate this episode in the life of the great saint,
for example: the Padma Thang yig Sheldrang ma (14'h century) a treasure-
text of Orgyen lingpa. Also, the Samten ling pa alias Tagsham nu den dorje, a
"discoverer" from the second half of the 17 th century, consecrates six folios
to this episode in the life of Padmasambhava and his consort.
In "Guide to the sacred places of Nepa,l" Khamtrul Choki nyima ( 1730-1780)
has written about Maratika cave. Brief introductions written by HH the Dalai
Lama, Trulshik Rinpoche, Dudjom Rinpoche, Dilgo Khentse Rinpoche, Chatral
Rinpoche, Lama Ngawang Chophel Gyatso and Lopon Karma Wangchuk, can
be found in "The Guide to Maratika".
Scene from the enthrownment of the
Maritika Lama with Kyabje Trulshik
After enthrownments empowerments were given.